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goat milk production in nigeria

1996 Production Yearbook. Alpine goats are popular for their milk production. Goat farming is a great source of self employment for the unemployed educated people and housewives of Nigeria. Due to its low fat content, the meat can toughen at high temperatures if cooked without additional moisture. [vi] “Teeth, Life Expectancy & How to estimate a goat’s age”. The mild yield characteristics of smallholder agropastoral Fulani Red Sokoto goats were evaluated using records obtained from a total of 92 does in 6 herds, collected over a 2-year period. [iii] Culled from;  Taylor, R.E., Scientific Farm Animal Production: An Introduction to Animal Science, 6th ed, Upper Saddle River (Prentice Hall) 1998. All data and information provided on this site is for informational purposes only. However, abortions in pregnant goats are caused by nutritional problems and infectious problems. Goat Milk; though it may not be that popular or widely consumed in Nigeria, goat milk can be produced from goat. It is your choice to boil goat milk as it is bactericidal(antibiotics). 16 Match 2009. In conclusion, although a number of people have been suggesting a more intensive production approach to small ruminant development in Nigeria, the initial capital investment and management constraints associated with such a venture may make the programme unattractive. Silage is a fermented green forage fodder that is stored in a silo. [xix] Goat milk naturally has small, well-emulsified fat globules, which means the cream remains suspended in the milk, instead of rising to the top, as in raw cow milk; therefore, it does not need to be homogenized. In other parts of the world goats are kept for their wool (mohair). There is a large market for goats in Nigeria and in the world as a whole because it is accepted by all as an excellent source of meat. For further enquires please contact; [email protected] The separation within the pen must be spacious enough to contain each number of goats put into it because they like their privacy. It also helps in improving an individual’s appetite and digestive efficiency. HERE ARE A LIST OF GOAT BREEDS SUITABLE FOR MEAT, MILK AND FUR PRODUCTION FOR MILK. You can get a mature goat between N5,000 to N7,000 in rural areas in Nigeria. The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a widely distributed small ruminant species that is kept mainly for meat, milk, hides and hair. But in Nigeria, hardly would you see any home consume goat milk, that is why the goat milk market value is very low. The Government is quite aware of this development, and as a result, priority is being accorded to sheep and goat production development in the Fifth National Development Plan. Goat milk naturally has small, well-emulsified fat globules, which means the cream will stay in suspension for a longer period of time than cows milk; therefore, it does not need to be homogenized. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Accessed August 18, 2008. Silage production is therefore the most viable option to the goat fodder or feed challenges facing goat farmers in Nigeria. Three main breeds of goat in Nigeria are as follows: West African Dwarf, Sokoto Maradi Red and Borno Sahel White. That’s a major requirement you must fulfill to become a successful commercial farmer. Early treatment helps to prevent the spread of ailment from one goat to the other. In this article, I will touch on all essential aspects that will make you start a profitable goat husbandry business. The gestation period for goat is between 145-150 days. Texas Department of Agriculture. While others are famous for milk production. Source: goatsfarming.com. The main marketing issue for prospective dairy goat producers is the number of commercial processors to whom raw milk can be shipped. Visible results within 7-10 days of usuage. Bacteria: blackleg, foot rot, caprine pleuropneumonia and chlamydiosis.[x]. Your email address will not be published. This website uses cookies to enhance your experience. Goat milk is a highly nutritious product that is useful to both adults and children. With N20,000, you can get two female goats and a male goat to start with. Make sure your workers are trustworthy and there is a good relationship with them. “That’s probably the best thing I love about Agricultural business.”. Gestation length is approximately 150 days. goat milk: production, acceptability and consumption in the semi-arid zone of nigeria. Feeding your goat twice in a day is the recommended number of times to feed your goats mostly when you are into commercial goat farming. Unlike cattle and sheep goats are primarily browsing animals and have an extremely varied plant diet that has allowed them to adapt to many diverse environments. Event occurs at Shortly after birth. fiascofarm.com. Be a Lifter via the share buttons to those out there that could be in need of such business knowledge. However, I have listed short description of some local goat breeds in Nigeria. The amount of milk depends on the goat breeds. Less frequent are litters of quadruplet, quintuplet, and even sextuplet kids. In many countries all over the world, goat milk is wildly produced for household and commercial consumption. Goat production in the humid tropics Proceedings of a workshop at the University of Ife, lle-lfe, Nigeria, 20-24 July 1987 O.B. [i] Culled from authors; a b Hirst, K. Kris’s book on “The History of the Domestication of Goats”. Onlike other breed of goat that is reared for either meat, milk or skin production, pygmy goats are reared as pet. [xvii] Culled from;  “Capretto: the world’s most popular meat”. The major reason for the goat pen is for safety from the weather; “rain (because goats hate to get wet), and sunning weathers”. agriculturenigeria.com makes no representations as to accuracy, completeness, correctness, suitability, or validity of any information on this site and will not be liable for any errors, omissions, or delays in this information or any losses, injuries, or damages arising from its display or use. Small Land holder Information Service, Department of Agriculture and Food, Government of Western Australia. Does of any breed or region come into estrus (heat) every 21 days for 2 to 48 hours. This type of production system may sound ideal to some but is actually characterised by a low level of livestock productivity. 2&3 Go to About page. This review describes the three distinct breeds of goats (Sahel, Red Sokoto and West African Dwarf) with their traditional husbandry systems. Urea is toxic to goat, so never include it in their food rather give your goats 12%-18% protein feed. Stop admiring other people’s skin,let them admire yours Gender: Unisex Lagos State, Lekki, DEC 10 – Skin Care 2. Robert Rose Inc.: Toronto. They usually bear twins or most times triplet, even quadruplets are possible. This type of goat is commonly found in the Southwestern part of Nigeria, their meat has a special taste and they are commonly reared for beef. Learn how your comment data is processed. The importance of small ruminants in the life of the people cannot be overemphasized. About.com. Goats produce about 2% of the world’s total annual milk supply. Prevention Measure: Clean the goat house regularly and keep the floor always dry. A good number of them majored in meat and animal skin production, milk production, those in poultry farming produced both meat and eggs. Retrieved 30 May 2009. This happens with goats carrying multiple kids. Prevention Measure: Make sure all animals are dewormed periodically. Not leaving out the supply of fresh and clean water (automatically or manually) as is an essential element to their health, Goat feeding is not just limited to grasses as they can also eat kitchen waste, stalk from beverage companies, roughage, agricultural waste, etc. [xiii], (Left) A Nigerian dwarf Goat with capacious mammary glands (Right) Nigerian dwarf twin goats. [xviii] Culled from; Alford, Henry (March 31, 2009). [xx] Culled from; Amrein-Boyes, D. (2009). Many breeders prefer to postpone breeding until the doe has reached 70% of the adult weight. Constant check-ups and vaccination from veterinary doctors will decrease the death rate and increase the lifespan of your goats. With the guard dog presence, the goat will be safe from predators. Saunders. Goat wool is used in the production of fabrics, carpets, and knitwear. I know of people who have no business eating other kinds of meats (including cow meats (beef)) except goat meat in Nigeria. We are located in Shagamu, Ogun State. This breed is found in a variety of colours and is usually bearded. A doe in heat typically flags (vigorously wags) her tail often, stays near the buck if one is present, becomes more vocal, and may also show a decrease in appetite and milk production for the duration of the heat. By continuing to visit this site you agree to accept cookies. We sell at 1,500 per litre. The results indicated that the total yield was 79.8±3.2 kg, the daily yield 0.66±0.03 kg, the peak yield 1.21±0.07 kg and the day of peak production 28.7±2.1 day of lactation. Nigeria, with an estimated total livestock production of 52.4 × 10 6, of which goats constitute about 26.5 × 10 6, still has inadequate meat and milk production. So, don’t just limit your sales to your local market, take advantage of the international market too. [xx]  Goat milk can also be commonly processed into cheese, butter, ice cream, yogurt, and other products. In Africa and the Mideast, goats are typically run in flocks with sheep. And also a stock-up of some necessary medicines and vaccines will help remedy any symptoms or sickness before the veterinary doctor shows up with the final solution. [xix]  Culled from; FAO. Some types of goats give the valuable kind of wool called; “cashmere.”, When comparing with sheep wool, goat fly-wool products are lightweight, soft and very demanding (which makes it expensive). I live by 3 quotes; 1:Be Slow to Receive but be Fast to Give. [vii] https://www.fao.org/ag/AGA/agap/frg/feedback/war/t1300b/t1300b0g.htm, [viii] https://www.cassavabiz.org/agroenterprise/ent%20images/goat_01.pdf, [ix] FAOSTAT 2008 https://faostat.fao.org/default.aspx. The 3 main breeds are: 1) West African Dwarf. It’s suitable for all skin types. This maximizes the production per acre, as goats and sheep prefer different food plants. Prevention Measure: Make sure to maintain the dry conditions in the goat shed. The separation is mostly important when you are running a commercial goat farming business. Goat milk is a highly nutritious product that is used for by-products like yogurt, milk, cheese, butter, soap, etc,. [xiii] Culled from ‘’Feichtenberger, Klaus, Jill Clarke, Elyse Eisenberg, and Otmar Penker (Writers and Directors) (2008). But if it’s goat meat that has high demands like in Nigeria, you must focus on rearing goats that produce more meat. Goat’s feces are highly organic manure (fertilizers) that can be used for farm crops. Historically, domestic goats were generally kept in herds that wandered on hills or other grazing areas, often tended by goatherds who were frequently children or adolescents, similar to the more widely known shepherd. This unpopular business opportunity in goat rearing in Nigeria generates very high income for several goat farmers in countries where goat milk production is booming. Using high quality, fresh, nutritious food, and vitamins regularly when feeding them can help you achieve maximum production from your business. 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While goats will not actually eat inedible material, they are browsing animals, not grazers like cattle and sheep, and (coupled with their natural curiosity and intelligence) will chew on and taste just about anything resembling plant matter to decide whether it is good to eat, including cardboard and paper labels from cans. In all these different types of goat breeds, what matters most to succeed in this goat farming business is to pick the proper goat breed or breeds that fit your market needs. The following types of worms that are common in goats are: Tape Worm Symptoms: The symptoms of this disease include fever, slow growth of animals, and goat kid mortality. So I believe you reading this article, has made up your mind about becoming your own boss and has an interest in the commercial Goat farming business in Nigeria. PEST AND DISEASES OF YAM (Dioscorea spp. [xii] Courtesy of;  Payne, William J.A., An Introduction to Animal Husbandry in the Tropics, 5th ed, Oxford (Blackwell Science) 1999. Also, It is important that the pen is built into various segments because of the difference in breeds, and sex of goats. According to Stat, nothing less than 5million people eat goat meats in Nigeria monthly. Remember to subscribe (email or bell-shaped) as more articles on businesses drop. Alpine goats; La Mancha; Nigerian Dwarf; FOR MEAT. Husbandry, or animal care and use, varies by region and culture. Black Bengal goats or Kalahari Red goats are the breed of goats, that produce high-quality hides and skin. This means that there are different streams of income involve in goat farming. Goat milk now available in our farm and we waybill on order to all western states and the fct. The mother often eats the placenta, which gives her much-needed nutrients, helps stanch her bleeding, and parallels the behavior of wild herbivores, such as deer, to reduce the lure of the birth scent for predators. Some goat breeds produce quality skins and fiber. There are various goats breeds such as; pygmy goats, Nigerian dwarf goats, Lamancha goats, Alpine goats, Nubian goats, Boer goats, and many others. The services of a good veterinarian are employed in treating these diseases. Some directly involved in raring of catle, cow, goats, sheeps. 9%. If you intend to deal in goat hides and skin, you can also start the business. If it is goat milk that has a high demand in your Country, then a dairy goat farming business is what you must focus on more. With the current shortages in demand, the goat industry is open to all who find interest in it. “How I Learned to Love Goat Meat”. 2010. As of 2010 goat was the most widely consumed red meat, eaten by more than 70% of the world’s population. [xvi] Culled from; Sumberg, J.E., “Small ruminant feed production in a farming systems context” Proceedings of the Workshop on Small Ruminant Production Systems in the Humid Zone of West Africa, 1984; Sumber, J. E., ed, 1984. The only problem why people look down on the goat farming business and agricultural business as a whole in Nigeria is due to lack of knowledge. But goat should be ready for meat production at 10 months especially for those into zero grazing goat farming. Rome, Italy. Goats have importance in environment protection. Most farmers love and prefer to use organic manure than using artificial fertilizers to grow their crops. Your email address will not be published. Goat milk can be taken as a basis for making dairy products, in particular, goat cheese. The West African Dwarf goats are also known as Nigerian dwarf goats are breed for meat and milk production purposes. They are a medium-sized dairy breed that is good for home and commercial milk production. Farming and animal rearing is developing in the country and the production of meat and milk is becoming more popular among farmers. Pregnancy Toxemia is caused by late pregnancy, especially in the last 2 weeks period. Philadelphia: Saunders. Goat butter is white because goats produce milk with the yellow beta-carotene converted to a colorless form of vitamin A. Bosman (Eds) Pudoc Wageningen 1988 . Retrieved 2013-04-20. in situation where the need may arise to slaughter the animal around the farm. If you are thinking about the best husbandry business to start in Nigeria, Goat rearing business is among the top, if not the best. According to the FAO, the top producers of goat meat in 2008 were China (1.83 million metric tons), India (0.48 million metric tons) and Nigeria (o.26 million metric tons). 1997. (1956). It can be prepared in a variety of ways, including stewing, baking, grilling, barbecuing, canning, and frying; it can be minced, curried, or made into sausage. But in Nigeria, hardly would you see any home consume goat milk, that is why the goat milk market value is very low. ISBN 0-7216-9052-1. 200 Easy Homemade Cheese Recipes. In many countries all over the world, goat milk is wildly produced for household and commercial consumption. The fence should be a brief perimeter fence made with barbwires. The … Others include the Anglo-Nubian, Saanen goat, Toggenburg and … [xv] Household goats are traditionally kept in Nigeria. [iv]  Gotten from; Frequently Asked Questions – Triple I Goats, tripleigoats.com. The best ones can produce up to 4 liters of milk per day. Organ., UN. [v] Culled from; William S. Spector, ed. Retrieved 2009-05-05. [xi] Source from; https://www.fao.org/docrep/004/s8374b/S8374b20.htm. However, this separation is rarely possible in extensively managed, open-range herds.[xii]. According to dog expert, the best way to make a guard dog familiar with the goat is to take the dog when is still very young from the mother to live in the same pen with the goats. Successful breeding in these regions depends more on available forage. Every breed of goats produces hides and skin, which can serve or use in the production of leather items. Pregnancy Problems: Pregnancy Toxemia and abortions are common problems found in the pregnancy period. Breeds of Goat in Nigeria & Their Characteristics. I would have loved to say; “that is all there is in starting a profitable goat farming business, but it isn’t.” So please do yourself a favor by having a practical training. If you intend to run a commercial goat farming, you definitely need to sign up for a veterinary service close to you, that you can call when you notice any strange thing among your goats. PATILAD Goat Farm is a start-up goat Farm that is involved in production of quality and affordable goat meat, milk and other goat by-products, like goat skin for leather companies, goat faeces for manures and biogas processing, targeting consumers in southwest Nigeria. Some breed of goats like the Cashmere and Angora can produce high-quality fibers. Now that we have known all this, it is important to now know the essential knowledge before starting a profitable Goat farming Business in Nigeria. This statistic shows the milk production in Nigeria from 2001 to 2017. The WAD goats are found in the southern parts of the country. In all four systems, however, goats were typically kept in extensive systems, with few purchased inputs. ), MAIN PESTS AND DISEASES OF FRENCH BEANS (Phaseolus vulgaris), MAIN PESTS AND DISEASES OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus), MAIN PESTS AND DISEASES OF MAIZE (Zea mays), SUSTAINABLE PEST MANAGEMENT IN GREEN HOUSES AND HIGH TUNNELS, How to make Your Own Animal Feeds (For Cattles and Sheep), All You Need to Know About Sheep Production, https://www.agriculturenigeria.com/research/articles/diary-of-a-happy-farmer-livestock-farming, Graphical Representation of Market Prices for September 2020. Goat farming in Nigeria can be a great source for earning extra income from foreign countries. Pygmy are mostly reared for meat production and can also be used for scientific research and milk production. Roundworm Symptoms: This parasitic disease can cause fever, slow rate of animal growth, anemia, and edema in the lower jaws of goats. So they prefer the one they sit in a chair, pouring all their energy into the growth of another man’s vision while receiving an undervalued monthly pennies (salary). All information is provided on an as-is basis. Others too majored in manure production from animal faeces for crop production. [xvii] It is a staple of Africa, Asia and South/Central America, and a delicacy in a few European cuisines.[xviii]. It is against the law in most states, including Pennsylvania, to sell raw milk unless it is inspected by state milk inspectors. The next important thing to do after completing the goat pen is to construct a fence around the pasture to keep the goat within a parameter. Nigeria, with an estimated total livestock production of 52.4 × 106 , of which goats constitute about 26.5 × 106, still has inadequate meat and milk production. Lice and Tick Symptoms: This parasitic infestation can cause skin allergy, slow growth in growing animals. In 2010, about 0.5 million metric tons of milk were produced in the African country. Best Breed for Goat Farming in Nigeria Popular breeds of goat farmed in Nigeria are Dwarf goat, red Sokoto (Maradi), Pygmy goat. Egyptian Goat Milk Black Soap ₦ 1,700. It’s important the landmass used for your goat farming business isn’t that far away from the city and is additionally large enough to accommodate your goat grazing needs. Others are in piggery, poultry etc. Goat farming business in Nigeria: Become a millionaire today. In most regions, goats are able to breed at any time of the year. Never the less, due to small fat globules and homogenization found in goat milk, it is easy to digest than cow milk. Remember for more safety of your goats, put a guard dog or dogs to live with them in the pen. And also your market knowledge (particularly marketing strategies) can maximize your revenue. The composition tended to approach that of mature goat milk between the second and third d after parturition. And as your goats continue to multiply expansion should always be in mind. Exotic types of goats in Nigeria Anglo-Nubian . Before starting a goat farming business, you must have analyzed your local market so your products meet with the exact demand of your Country’s market. Unlike cow milk, there is no need to boil goat milk: it is bactericidal one. So you can always apply the feces to your farmland if you decide to also go into crop farming. Goat milk is a unique production niche with potential to growth which is not competing with cattle dairy sector. Livestock production has engaged so many in the sector. She may have a worried look, become restless and display great affection for her keeper. June 2016 Project: goat milk production and utilization in the semi arid zone of nigera Remember to drop your questions or contributions in the comment section below. Generally, cows have a much higher milk yield than goats and in a lot of regions, goats are considered the “poor man’s cow”. Nigerian dwarf goats and pygmy goats are of different colours and sizes and are common in Nigeria Cashmare goats are the breed that is well known and used for wool production. Our goat milk lotion is a banger Best goat milk lotion in nigeria. The amount of milk depends on types of goats. The particular housing used for goats depends not only on the intended use of the goat, but also on the region of the world where they are raised. Veterinarians are people who treat animals, just like doctors. And most farmers rear goats just for meats. Multiple types of goat-raising are found in Ethiopia, where four main types have been identified: pastured in annual crop systems, in perennial crop systems, with cattle, and in arid areas, under pastoral (nomadic) herding systems. Goats are reputed to be willing to eat almost anything, including cans and cardboard boxes.

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